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How We Think

How We Think
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How We Think by John Dewey is a classic book about thinking. The contents of Dewey’s book are applicable to innovation, learning, business management, and many other fields. John Dewey’s view of thinking, and thinking skills, as elaborated in “How We Think” is surprisingly fresh and consistent. Dewey warns against the confusion of mental analysis (looking for the general aspects of an object) with physical analysis (dissection into parts), which leads to the study of living objects as if they were dead. John Dewey’s thought is the essence of systems thinking, which is so fashionable today. In “How We Think,” John Dewey also concludes that we can be taught to “think well” and discusses how. Starting with beliefs and the consequences they bring about, Dewey suggests that knowledge is relative to its interaction with the world, concluding in the end that real freedom is intellectual. According to Dewey, the act of thinking itself is in many cases more important than what is being thought about. Dewey’s analysis of thought will help readers to consider important elements of thinking (and writing) such as: (1) the iterative “ebb and flow” between inductive and deductive thinking; (2) what is necessary to train their minds to think better. Though written years ago, “How We Think” is an easy book to read and well worth the time spent on it.

Оглавление
  • PART ONE: THE PROBLEM OF TRAINING THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER ONE. WHAT IS THOUGHT?
  • CHAPTER TWO. THE NEED FOR TRAINING THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER THREE. NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE TRAINING OF THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER FOUR. SCHOOL CONDITIONS AND THE TRAINING OF THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER FIVE. THE MEANS AND END OF MENTAL TRAINING: THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND THE LOGICAL
  • PART TWO: LOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS
  • CHAPTER SIX. THE ANALYSIS OF A COMPLETE ACT OF THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER SEVEN. SYSTEMATIC INFERENCE: INDUCTION AND DEDUCTION
  • CHAPTER EIGHT. JUDGMENT: THE INTERPRETATION OF FACTS
  • CHAPTER NINE. MEANING: OR CONCEPTIONS AND UNDERSTANDING
  • CHAPTER TEN. CONCRETE AND ABSTRACT THINKING
  • CHAPTER ELEVEN. EMPIRICAL AND SCIENTIFIC THINKING
  • PART THREE: THE TRAINING OF THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER TWELVE. ACTIVITY AND THE TRAINING OF THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER THIRTEEN. LANGUAGE AND THE TRAINING OF THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER FOURTEEN. OBSERVATION AND INFORMATION IN THE TRAINING OF MIND
  • CHAPTER FIFTEEN. THE RECITATION AND THE TRAINING OF THOUGHT
  • CHAPTER SIXTEEN. SOME GENERAL CONCLUSIONS
  • INDEX
  • Notes